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Flood Restoration Guide

These rules are expected to help with the results of Flood restoration. It manages prompt issues, mid and long haul restorations and reclamation. A house is generally an individual’s biggest venture. There is regularly a passionate connection to the house which needs to be thought seriously about amid the rebuilding and repair process.

Overview

Being a hit by a flood in person is a traumatic experience and the flood restoration doesn’t make it any easier. Prompt concerns are regularly whether the harm is secured by protection, whether to live in the property meanwhile and so forth. This rule identifies with the rebuilding and repair work just.

Before beginning the clean-up, watch that the property displays no impending threat to inhabitants or others cleaning up. This will imply that:

The force supplier has either cut the force supply or watched that the supply and establishment is sheltered. Gas and electrical apparatuses, gadgets and administrations will need to be independently checked and labeled as sheltered or disengaged.

The sewage framework is sheltered and exhibits no wellbeing danger to laborers amid the cleaning operation. It is a decent thought to take photographs of the harm and any things being discarded, particularly if this must be done before the holder’s insurance agency has an opportunity to investigate.

A few houses can be existed in while the reclamation and repair work is consistently completed. A few houses will be empty, which will consider stripping out, drying out and reclamation without needing to consider the manager’s fleeting living necessities. A few houses will need to be part of the way stripped out and made safe for inhabitance before full reclamation. A house can be existed in when:

Living there won’t constitute a well being or danger

The starting clean-up of water, mud, and trash is finished

The force supply has been securely restored

All wellsprings of consumable water supply and sewage frameworks have been checked, repaired if essential, tried and announced safe for utilization.

Halfway evacuation of divider sheeting may be obliged to permit the encircling to dry out. Uncovered divider confining needs to be sheltered, nails and fragments need to be evacuated, electrical plugs made safe, and any uncovered electrical wiring solidly cut in position and confirmed by an electrical builder before work.

Conclusion

Prior to any divider linings are supplanted a dampness meter ought to be utilized to determine if the confining dampness level has dropped to a suitable level. Plasterboard fixers ought to guarantee dampness levels are to the standard for the producer’s item.For cement floors, the most solid test for dryness is a deck hygrometer. In the event that one is not accessible, the accompanying system will give a general sign of the dampness level. On the off chance that build up structures on the underside of the polyethylene the floor is excessively clammy for laying vinyl or rug with elastic underlay or support. Lift the polyethylene, and if the floor is excessively wet spot an alternate piece in a couple of days (don’t leave the piece appended to the floor). Hold up until polyethylene taped set up stays dry for two to three prior days laying the floor covering. That’s all for Flood Restoration.

During an emergency fire cleanup Largo FL services, contact ZippyRestore local providers as they know how to work fast and in specific manner to clear every piece of trash remain after the fire.

Fiberglass Shower Stalls – Free Standing Fixtures Of Fiberglass Shower Stalls Are Flexible Options Of Your Bathroom Resource

When you are in need of replacing your shower stall due to it being old or simply because it is not suitable for your requirements and you want to give an improved look to your bathroom then fiberglass shower stalls are the best options.At times you may need to weigh the options between bathroom shower enclosures and bathroom shower stalls. Shower enclosures are sold with only doors and tracking for the doors while bathroom shower stalls are free standing fixtures. If you want to utilize the wasted space as an alternative bathing resource, fiberglass shower stalls are great ideas which are free standing fixtures. Kits, floors, walls and all other components that are needed for installation are offered with these stalls.

To make a selection for your bathroom, various styles of fiberglass shower stalls are sold in the market. These light weight fiberglass shower stalls are not permanent fixtures and provide you flexibility.When renovating your bathroom, you can even place the fiberglass shower stalls in the basement and use. Permanent and solid grab bars for safety, seats and shelves are provided with the new shower stalls.

You can also find bathroom shower stalls made from acrylic but these stalls are little heavier than fiberglass shower stalls. It is easy to install fiberglass shower stalls. These are available complete with everything that you may need to install; only water pipes and drains have to be purchased or arranged separately. While purchasing fiberglass shower stalls, you can discuss your needs with the retailers and they will be able to assist you in choosing the right type of shower stall.

Various elements of bathroom shower stalls determine their cost, such as the design of stalls, material of construction, and size of the stalls etc. Although these stalls are not very expensive but when you buy custom built stalls these may be relatively expensive. You can get fiberglass shower stalls at lesser prices compared to the acrylic shower stalls. If you are installing shower stalls for longer usage, then acrylic shower stalls have the edge over fiberglass shower stalls.To make your bathroom look simple, fiberglass shower stalls are a good choice. In addition to fiberglass shower stalls, corner, neo angle and plain kits are some other types of stalls that are available in the market.

You have to first determine the style of fiberglass shower stall you are interested to install and then keep some budget aside for this purpose and search in the market to find the product at the best price. It will be better if you obtain rates for installation of these fiberglass shower stalls from some contractors. If you going to install fiberglass shower stalls for the first time, it will be somewhat overwhelming to you.

Tips On Tenant Improvement Allowances

Tenant improvement allowances, funds provided by the landlord to improve office space, are becoming increasingly prevalent during landlord-tenant negotiations, and all companies should consider their role in creating an ideal office space. However, companies seeking to lease at least 5,000 square feet of Class A & B office space with a lease term of at least five years can exercise much greater leverage on the landlord and will typically find it easier to achieve many of the suggestions below. If in doubt, you should consult with a real estate broker to determine the feasibility of any specific item.

1. In todays economic environment, many landlords are providing and funding 100 percent of the building standard installations required by tenants.

2. Tenants should try to negotiate above-standard items, such as millwork, extra HVAC, large glass walls, plush carpeting or special lighting, to get them included in the tenant improvement allowance provided by the landlord.

3. When landlords refuse to fund all or a portion of above-standard items, tenants can try to amortize their cost into the rent over the term of the lease instead of paying out of pocket.

4. Funding above-standard work can also be achieved via negotiating tactics, for example, offering to decrease the quantity of free rent and increase the tenant improvement allowance instead.

5. We recommend tenants hire an architect to represent their interests and suggest a layout and design of the space to ensure tenant improvement allowances are put to the best possible use.

6. Tenants can avoid the need for a large tenant improvement allowance by touring many suites and finding one with a suitable existing configuration. However, we advise tenants to avoid compromising the amount of their tenant improvement allowance just to decrease the rental rate.

7. Landlords are providing generous tenant improvement allowances for new tenants, and tenants can use this as leverage even if they are only renewing, especially if they have occupied the space for the past five-to-ten years.

8. If landlords offer a specific dollar amount for a tenant improvement allowance, we advise tenants to negotiate an open-bid format, based on an expert review by their own architect, project manager or construction firm.

9. Many companies are using tenant improvement allowances to create more light in the workplace by adding glass in offices and conference rooms. From narrow, vertical side-windows to full walls of glass, natural light illuminates interior areas and provides sight-lines for workers to improve communications and productivity.

10. We always recommend tenants hire an architect to brainstorm about the best uses for tenant improvement allowances. Many companies are decreasing hard-walled offices in favor of flexible workstations and huddle rooms, small two-to-four person conference areas, to accommodate departments changing needs.

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Floor Care

Tips on how to take care of your floors to keep them looking newer longer.

Carpet Care

Let’s start by saying that the most important thing you can do to prolong the life of your new carpet or rug is to vacuum it. Regular vacuuming removes those nasty dirt particles that leave it looking dingy over time and abrade the fiber, which shortens its lifespan. Use a vacuum that has a rotating brush or beater bar, which stimulates the carpet tufts and loosens the dirt and soil. (Plus, schedule regular professional cleanings to remove soil accumulation that your regular vacuum can’t reach.) If your area rug has a fringe, make sure it’s sewn on well, and use the vacuum carefully.

If you have a thick carpet and want to remove any tracks the vacuum makes (it’s called shading), you might try vacuuming in one direction, and then smoothing the carpet surface by hand.

You can help to reduce wear in your carpet by occasionally alternating your furniture placement to change the “traffic lanes” and allow the carpet to wear more uniformly. Be sure to vacuum these specific areas more often to reduce dirt particles, which can lead to matting too.

Vinyl Flooring Care

Caring for a vinyl floor is fairly easy, but there are some general rules.

Vacuum regularly to remove grit and sand, and wash your floor occasionally with the manufacturer’s recommended floor cleaner. (Never use abrasive cleaners, soaps, paste waxes or solvents, though.) Also, to keep sand and grit from being tracked onto the floor, non-staining walk-off mats should be placed at every outside entry to the room.

Dull-looking vinyl floors can be restored to their original gloss with the manufacturer’s recommended floor polish – but first, try cleaning to make sure a film on the floor isn’t causing the dullness. With inexpensive PVC floors, you should consider using 2-3 coats of polish – any vinyl floor with a PVC wearlayer (that’s a fancy name for surface) shows scuffs, scratches, and other marks very easily and by adding those coats of polish you’ll make the floor easier to maintain.

When moving heavy objects across a vinyl floor, place plywood sheets down first and move the object over them.

Area Rug Care

Let’s start by saying that the most important thing you can do to prolong the life of your new carpet or rug is to vacuum it. Regular vacuuming removes those nasty dirt particles that leave it looking dingy over time and abrade the fiber, which shortens its lifespan. Use a vacuum that has a rotating brush or beater bar, which stimulates the carpet tufts and loosens the dirt and soil. (Plus, schedule regular professional cleanings to remove soil accumulation that your regular vacuum can’t reach.) If your area rug has a fringe, make sure it’s sewn on well, and use the vacuum carefully.

If you have a thick carpet and want to remove any tracks the vacuum makes (it’s called shading), you might try vacuuming in one direction, and then smoothing the carpet surface by hand.

Qualifying For Home Improvement Loans With Bad Credit

Obtaining Financing to Make Home Improvements

One of the first things you need to consider with financing for home improvements is how you plan to handle the work. There are three predominant methods for financing: refinance your existing mortgage, apply for an equity loan or obtain an equity line of credit. Which one is best for you? Real-Estate-Yogi.com can provide answers to some questions that can help you answer that question such as:

1) Do you plan to do the work immediately or stretch it out over time?
2) Do you need all the money for the contractor up front?
3) Do you plan to use the money for things other than just home improvements?
4) What is the total cost of the project?

All of these factors play into the picture and will provide the best answer concerning financing. If you would like to discuss your needs with a Real-Estate-Yogi.com consultant, fill out the form that appears on the website and someone will contact you right away.

What about Those Who Have Bad Credit?

Can you obtain home improvement loans with bad credit? Like any other loan finding a lender for a home improvement loan when you have bad credit is difficult but not impossible. However, since these loans are full-secured by the equity in your home they are probably easier to obtain than other types of loans. In fact, you may even find a favorable interest rate since the lender will be taking minimal risk. Because of the current real estate situation you may need to have a higher percentage of equity in the home than you would have when real estate prices were higher.

Where to Find Loans for Home Improvements when You Have Bad Credit

While it may be difficult it is not impossible to find Bad Credit Home Improvement Loans. In fact there are some lenders who don”t care about anything but the equity in the home while others are much more stringent in their credit requirements. The key is conducting the research and choosing the lender that you think is the most likely to have the willingness to help you with the project you have in mind.

How do you get a home improvement loan? Finding home improvement loans with bad credit is not impossible although it is definitely more challenging. Obtaining financing for home improvements requires a great deal of thought in order to assess the best method for financing your loan. Bad credit home improvement loans are not as difficult to qualify for as unsecured loans although you may have to pay higher interest rates as you would if you had good credit.

Develop Effective Modern Kitchen Management Skills

If you think that technology and management have entered only our industries and management institutes, you are wrong. These have entered our kitchen also in a big way to change life, especially for women. In fact, the modern kitchen has greatly helped in the empowerment of women.

The changeover from traditional firewood/kerosene to LPG, has revolutionised cleanliness and the environment, and the pressure cooker has helped housewives to reduce cooking time drastically. With the use of the refrigerator, mixer-grinder, microwave oven, electric chimney, etc, the kitchen has totally changed – and so has the way we used to cook and preserve food in the kitchen.

The design and layout are to be taken care of by the architect or the civil engineer while constructing the kitchen. But other things are to be taken care of by the person operating the kitchen. A safe kitchen is one of the first steps in protecting yourself and your family from food-borne illness and the potential dangers of harmful bacteria as well as protecting the person working in the kitchen from LPG leakage and subsequent explosion.

The most common problem in food safety is the attack from bacteria and contamination due to lack of proper cleanliness. To avoid this:

Wash hands often.

Keep raw meat and ready-to-eat foods separate.

Cook food at proper temperature.

Refrigerate food promptly to below 4C.

Hands should be washed in warm, soapy water before preparing foods, especially after handling raw meat, poultry and seafood. Never forget to wash your hands after switching tasks, such as handling raw meat and then cutting vegetables. Also, it is important to wash hands after taking out garbage, sneezing or petting your dog or cat, etc.

Other precautions

– Always use two cutting boards: one strictly to cut raw meat, poultry and seafood; another for ready-to-eat foods like breads, fruits an vegetables.
– After each use, wash cutting boards thoroughly in hot soapy water.
– Discard cutting boards that are worn out with cracks, crevices and excessive knife scars.
– Wash plates between uses or use separate plates: one plate for holding raw meat, poultry and seafood; another for cooked roods.
– Place raw meat, poultry and seafood on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator so that the juices don’t drip onto other foods.
– Place washed produce in clean storage containers; not back into the original ones.
– Use two separate clean towels/cloths: one to dry off the kitchen surfaces and another one to dry your hands.
– Use one spoon or laddle to taste food and another to stir and mix food.
– Make sure that you use clean scissors or blades to open bags of food.
– Wear latex gloves if you have a cut or sore on your hand.

Sponges are safe only when cleaned properly. Bacteria live and grow in damp conditions. Wash dishcloth, sponges and towels often in the hot cycle of your washing machine.

Disinfect sponges in chlorine bleach solution. Replace worn-out sponges frequently.

In the cupboard

Clean and cool, dark and dry, are how you should describe your cupboards. Storing non-refrigerated foods in the cupboard between 50F and 70F is the smartest way to keep the bugs away.

Keeping canned foods on hand is smart and practical, but make sure that your stock is rotated. Remember the FIFO method – first in, first out. That means older cans should be up in front so that they are used first. The safest place for a can that is leaking, bulging or cracked, is in the garbage!

Once you have opened a package, make sure that the leftovers are stored in containers that are dry and airtight. This keeps insects out and the flavour in.

Store food safely. Keep chemicals and cleaning agents away from food.

Inside the refrigerator

If there is more mould on your bread than in a pound of blue cheese, or you suddenly notice the remains of last month’s pot roast at the back of your refrigerator, it’s time to get organised. Step one is to keep your refrigerator cold. Most people have no idea what the actual temperature in their refrigerator is.

Since harmful bacteria thrive in warmer temperature, it’s best to keep your refrigerator temperature below 4C. Spending a few dollars on an inexpensive thermometer is a worthwhile investment. Place it in the centre of the middle shelf for an accurate reading.

The internal temperature of your refrigerator is based on many variables – for example, the amount of food in storage, the frequency of opening the refrigerator door, and the temperature of your kitchen. The best way to monitor the inside cooling temperature of your refrigerator is with a refrigerator thermometer.

Keep raw meat containers on the lowest shelf. This helps to keep any juice from dripping onto other foods. If your refrigerator is overloaded, take the time to get rid of the unnecessary items. Cold air should circulate.

Any fridge can benefit from a thorough wipe-down. Get rid of any splatters. Once any food has passed its prime, get rid of it. Get into the habit of dating your leftovers and get rid of anything that has been stored for more than four days.

Food should not be out of refrigeration for more than two hours. Because, if it is exposed to temperature above 4C, harmful bacteria will multiply rapidly. In hot weather (above 32C), the time is reduced to one hour.

If you are not sure that an item is safe to eat, trust your instinct and discard it. Don’t taste it! If there is any sign of mould, that’s another strong reason to dispense with it.

In the freezer

The FIFO method works in the freezer, too. Make sure that your foods are rotated so that you use older items first. An organised freezer makes it easier to find things, too.

Always be prepared

You never know when you will need a little extra on hand. So, stock a supply of non-perishable foods for unexpected needs. Canned fruits, soups and vegetables, peanut butter and nuts are simple staples. Make sure that your emergency stash gets a review every now and then.

Drinking water

Drinking water is the major cause of disease. Full care should be taken. Water for drinking should be boiled as boiling kills all the bacteria and virus. Instead of boiling, ultraviolet water filter can also be used for purifying drinking water in the kitchen.

To ensure safety from LPG leakage:

Use ISI-mark LPG tubes.

Always keep the cylinder in a vertical position.

Regularly check for cracks in the LPG rubber tube.

Keep the kitchen airy with cross-ventilation.

Place the gas stove on a raised platform because LPG is heavier than air and tends to settle on the base.

Do not operate a stove near or facing a window.

Switch off the regulator when cooking gas is not in use, especially at night.

Do not repair the gas stove or cylinder yourself. Whenever required, call the expert from the gas agency.

When it leaks…

Do not operate any electrical switch if you smell LPG leakage.

Never use a lighted lamp to locate the leak. Use soap water solution.

Open all doors and windows.

Call your LPG distributor or Emergency Service Cell.

Close regulator and burner knob.

How to make your kitchen fuel-efficient:

– Organise your cooking. Keep all ingredients ready for cooking. This will help you cook without delay and thus save gas.
– If you have to stop cooking for a short while, shut off the gas.
– Use a pressure cooker to save gas and reduce cooking time.
– Use the small burner. A large burner consumes 15% more gas.
– Always use flat and shallow vessels.
– Cover the vessel while cooking
– Use the required quantity of water while cooking. Surplus water requires more heating and, therefore more gas.
– Bring out frozen materials well in advance to reach room temperature before cooking.
– If the flame is blue, everything is fine. If the outlet holes are blocked and the flame is yellow, clean the burner or get your stove checked by a mechanic.

With the increase of solid waste generated in the kitchen, it becomes a major source of pollution. Solid waste disposal is also becoming a part of kitchen management. Try kitchen manager (the olden days title of ‘cook’ is obsolete for the new housewife) has to take care of solid waste disposal also. For this, the waste generated in the kitchen should be segregated in the kitchen itself into the biodegradable and the non-degradable. The non-degradable should be put in a separate bin. The biodegradable part may be used to produce bio-fertiliser/organic fertiliser in a pit for the kitchen garden. If the facility does not exist, the biodegradable part may be separately handed over to the garbage collector who will use the same for vermiculture to produce organic manure. With water becoming a scarce commodity in the cities, the kitchen manager should also take care to recycle the waste water generated in the kitchen to be used in the kitchen garden, flower beds, etc.

SALIENT FEATURES OF MODERN KITCHEN MANAGEMENT

Scientific design and layout of the kitchen for light, cross-ventilation etc.

Better arrangement of kitchen appliances like gas stove, fridge, water filter, racks, cabinet etc.

Good housekeeping.

Cleanliness and hygiene.

Safety (food safety and personal safety).

Preparation of food without destroying its nutritious values.

Preservation of vegetables and cooked food.

Good cooking habits and conservation of fuel.

Proper disposal of solid waste generated in the kitchen.

Recycling the waste water from the kitchen in the kitchen garden.

Bamboo Kitchen Cabinets – A Look at Bamboo Cabinets

Selecting wood based products is harder these days since we want to find products made from sustainable produced raw materials. What can bamboo do to fulfill these needs? Can it really work for your kitchen decorating needs?

One of the main things we have to consider when choosing a wood species for any wood product is how it looks in our home. While making responsible choices for the environment is attractive, it loses some of its appeal if the final result is no the look we had hoped for. But bamboo can come through with the look that your to create the aesthetic appeal you are looking for.

Bamboo is grown in many areas of the world, but like any harvested products some growers are more concerned with using a sustainable process, while others are just in it for a fast buck. Some areas like Costa Rica have a fairly good record for sustainability in the overall process of growing and cutting of bamboo. Bamboo can usually be cut when it is about five or six years old. It is a member of the grass family, so it will grow back quickly.

Bamboo wood products are quite hard, harder than many conventionally used hardwoods like oak. After it’s finished it has good dimensional stability as well, so the smooth functioning of your cabinet doors and drawers will not degrade over time. Bamboo is so hard that its nickname is green steel.

As you may expect, many retailers for bamboo products have locations in California. But this is not just a west coast idea, and as their popularity increases it is easier to find retailers in other major cities like Chicago and New York.

There are a number of companies that will fashion custom bamboo cabinets for your home. In addition there are manufacturers who manufacture modular cabinet units in sizes that will fit most homes, so you can get a custom look for a much lower cost.

Bamboo cabinets will be a featured part of your home decor. These cabinets are good looking, you can get them in a variety of finishes, and because the wood is durable they will last for a long time, yet they come from a sustainable resource, so you can minimize the impact on our environment.

Home Improvement Advice That Is Easy To Understand

No matter your level of expertise, there are always tips to make a home improvement project safe and enjoyable. You just need the right knowledge to help you carry out your envisioned plans. Read the following home improvement advice.

As you plan a home renovation, think about the difference in value between something you personally like and something that will appeal to potential future buyers. Highly customized projects may not be a potential buyer’s taste and may even detract from your home’s value.

Before you start on any serious improvement to your home, think about what style fits you. The decorating style that you choose should serve as the catalyst for your project. If you do not plan ahead, you can easily end up mixing various styles without even realizing it. Mistakes like this one can result in you having to backtrack and are also a waste of money.

Think about adding insulation during your next round of home improvements. Use weather-stripping on all windows and doors. You can cut costs when you prevent air from escaping and coming in your home. That will also lower your energy bill.

Paint stripes on your old walls before installing paneling! Bits of the old wall will show even if the paneling is installed properly. To help camouflage this effect and keep this from being distracting, measure out where each panel will meet before your installation. Cover that area with a strip of paint that matches the paneling, so it will be virtually invisible.

If you want a simple home improvement, go buy some paint. That newly applied paint job can breathe fresh life into a dated and faded-looking interior or exterior. A fresh coat of paint is also attractive to new buyers if you think you may sell your home any time soon.

Take advantage of your outdoor space. The living space of your home can be extended into your backyard. This area would be great for entertaining, barbecuing or just relaxing.

When making improvements, take a second to focus on your porch. Your porch makes the first impression on any guest who is visiting your home. Make sure it is all neatly organized and, if possible, add a little style with outdoor decorations, such as flowers, varnish, lights, or furniture. Overall, a good looking porch will increase your home’s value.

When renovating, a smart homewoner will spend his money on good quality materials and fixtures instead of expensive decor and furniture. The reason for this is truly straightforward, when a homeowner moves, their decor and furnishings leave as well. In contrast, the market value of a home is greatly enhanced by quality fixtures that remain with the house after it’s sold.

Now, with a better understanding of some of the information involved, you are that much closer to a completed home improvement dream. The tips that you just read will allow you to tackle your home improvement project with the confidence that you will carry it out correctly.

Backyard Playground Safety – Part 2 Selecting The Best Protective Playground Surface

The protective playground surface is the most frequently overlooked component of home playground safety. While approximately 80% of public playgrounds have some type of shock-absorbing protective surfacing under playground equipment, only 9% of home backyard playgrounds do, according to a 2001 playground injury study performed by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC). The study found that, of the approximately 50,000 injuries per year associated with home backyard playground equipment, 69% of the injuries were a result of falls to a non-protective surface below the equipment.

Perhaps the most familiar backyard playground surface options are grass and dirt, but neither surface adequately protects children against serious injury due to falls, even falls that occur from 30 inches or less above the ground. Fractures of the arms and hands, and cuts and bruises of the head and face are the most often reported injuries that result from a child falling from playground equipment to a non-protective playground surface such as grass or dirt, as reported by the CPSC.

The good news is that a variety of protective surfaces exist that can fulfill a homeowner’s need for playground safety. Not surprisingly, playground surface options range in cost from reasonable to pricey, and each option has its own list advantages and disadvantages. Considering the advantages and disadvantages of each type of playground surface material, as presented in this article, should provide you with enough information to choose the most appropriate playground surface for your backyard playground.

The first and most vital piece of information to know before selecting a material to use for your protective playground surface is the critical height of the playground equipment. Critical height refers to the “maximum fall height from which a life-threatening head injury would not be expected to occur.” The critical height of your playground equipment equals the height (in feet) of the uppermost portion of your backyard playground equipment that is accessible to children. The protective playground surface you decide on for your backyard playground should be installed with a depth that is appropriate for your equipment’s critical height.

The following information details the critical height (in feet) for each of the loose-fill surface materials described in this article “when tested in an uncompressed state at depths of 6, 9, and 12 inches. The [information] also shows the critical height when a 9 inch depth of each material was tested in a compressed state.” For instance, if the critical height of your backyard playground equipment is 8 feet, then your options for protective loose-fill surface materials, according to the information below, would be 9 inches of compressed or uncompressed wood chips, 9 inches of uncompressed shredded bark mulch, 12 inches of uncompressed play sand, 12 inches of uncompressed pea gravel, or 6 inches of uncompressed recycled rubber mulch.

WOOD CHIPS*
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 7 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 10 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 11 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 10 feet

*This product may also be referred to as Wood Mulch, but the term Wood Chips more accurately describes the product.

SHREDDED BARK MULCH
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 10 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 11 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 7 feet

ENGINEERED WOOD FIBERS**
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 7 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = >12 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 6 feet

**This may also be referred to as Uniform Wood Chips, but, in the playground industry, the product is more commonly known as Engineered Wood Fibers.

FINE SAND
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 9 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 5 feet

COURSE SAND
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 4 feet

FINE GRAVEL
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 7 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 10 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = >6 feet

MEDIUM GRAVEL
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = 5 feet
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = 6 feet
– Nine inch depth, compressed = 5 feet

SHREDDED TIRES***
– Six inch depth, uncompressed = 10-12 feet
– Nine inch depth, uncompressed = N/A
– Twelve inch depth, uncompressed = N/A
– Nine inch depth, compressed = N/A

***This data is from tests conducted by independent testing laboratories on a 6 inch depth of uncompressed shredded tire samples produced by four manufacturers. The test results reported critical heights which varied from 10 feet to greater than 12 feet. It is recommended that persons seeking to install shredded tires as a protective surface request test data from the supplier showing the critical heights of the material when it was tested in accordance with ASTM F1292.

Alternatives to loose-fill surface materials are rubber playground tiles, rubber mats, and poured-in-place playground surfaces. These choices are available from a number of manufacturers who may use a variety of shock-absorbing materials. The manufacturers should be able to provide you with test data that shows the critical height for the protective surfaces they offer.

Knowing some of the advantages and disadvantages of loose-fill surface materials will assist you in narrowing the choices to meet your particular needs. In general, loose-fill playground surface materials like wood chips, shredded bark mulch, pea gravel, play sand, and recycled rubber mulch are most often chosen for backyard playgrounds because they are inexpensive and readily available from a local garden center or home improvement warehouse. Recycled rubber mulch can also be found in a variety of colors and sizes through internet suppliers.

LOOSE-FILL MATERIALS – GENERAL GUIDELINES

A retaining barrier of some kind is necessary to keep the surface materials from becoming displaced as a result of active play or weather conditions. In addition, loose-fill materials should never be installed on top of hard surfaces like concrete or asphalt. Lastly, good drainage beneath the protective surface is crucial.

Overall Advantages:

– The initial cost of installing a loose-fill playground surface under your backyard playground equipment is generally low because the materials are easy to find and are relatively inexpensive.

Overall Disadvantages:

– Over time, loose-fill materials can become compressed, thus lowering their protective capabilities.
– Recommended depths become compromised when active play or windy conditions displace the loose-fill materials.
– Debris such as broken glass, nails, and other sharp objects which can cause injury can be easily hidden by loose-fill materials.
– Continuous maintenance is required to maintain proper depth and to remove debris. Maintenance can include raking, sifting, grading, and leveling.
– Periodic renewal or replacement of loose-fill materials is necessary, which can require more time and money than expected. The exception to this is recycled rubber mulches – see below for further details.

WOOD CHIPS AND SHREDDED BARK MULCH

Advantages:

– Wood chips and shredded bark mulch are not as abrasive as play sand.
– Animals are less likely to contaminate wood chips and shredded bark mulch.
– Wood chips and shredded bark mulch are attractive.

Disadvantages:

– The protective ability of wood chips and shredded bark mulch is reduced in rainy, humid, and freezing weather conditions.
– Over a period of time, wood chips and shredded bark mulch will become crushed, compacted, and will decompose.
– Wood chips and shredded bark mulch can grow fungus and mold when wet or moist.
– Insects are drawn to wood chips and shredded bark mulch.

PEA GRAVEL

Advantages:

– Pea gravel will not become crushed and decompose.
– Mold and fungus growth is not generally an issue.
– Animals and insects are less attracted to pea gravel.

Disadvantages:

– Pea gravel can be hard to walk on.
– The protective ability of pea gravel is reduced in rainy, humid, and freezing weather conditions.
– Pea gravel can be a falling hazard if displaced from the playground area to a nearby hard surface (sidewalk, decking, or patio, for example).

PLAY SAND

Advantages:

– Play sand will not become ground down and decompose.
– Mold and fungus growth is not generally a problem.

Disadvantages:

– Play sand can be difficult to walk on.
– The protective ability of play sand is reduced in rainy and humid weather conditions.
– Animals are attracted to sand unless it can be covered when not in use.
– Play sand adheres easily to shoes, clothing, and skin.
– Play sand can scratch floor surfaces if tracked inside.

RECYCLED RUBBER MULCH

Advantages:

– Recycled rubber mulch does not generally need to be replaced or renewed each year. Many manufacturers claim that rubber mulch can last approximately 50 years without requiring replacement. Check with recycled rubber mulch suppliers for any guarantees or warrantees that may be available.
– Rubber mulch tends to be cleaner and less likely than other loose-fill materials to produce dirty clothing, hands, and shoes during active play.
– Does not cause scrapes, scratches, or splinters from falls.
– Animals and insects are not attracted to rubber mulch.
– Mold and fungus growth is not an issue.

Disadvantages:

– Recycled rubber mulch may need to be raked periodically to maintain appropriate depths in high traffic areas.
– Colors on recycled rubber mulch may fade over time.

OTHER PROTECTIVE PLAYGROUND SURFACE OPTIONS

Rubber tiles, rubber mats, and poured-in-place surfaces are initially more expensive surface options than loose-fill materials, but they usually need little maintenance over time. To determine whether one of these options would be more cost effective than a loose-fill material, consider how many children might potentially use your backyard playground equipment and for how many years. Larger families, for example, may prefer to pay more at first for a surface that will be easier and much less expensive to maintain over many years of active use.

Advantages:

– No means of containment is usually necessary.
– Surfaces are wheelchair accessible and easy to walk on.
– Displacement of materials is not an issue, so the protective ability of these surfaces remains consistent even in high traffic areas.
– Surfaces require very little maintenance over time and are easy to clean.
– Debris such as broken glass and other sharp objects which can cause injury are not easily hidden in these surfaces.
– Animals and insects are not attracted to the surface materials.
– Mold and fungus growth is not an issue.

Disadvantages:

– The area under the surface usually requires special preparation. Contact the manufacturer or supplier for details.
– Surfaces may require professional installation.
– Rubber tiles may curl and cause tripping if not installed correctly.
– Some surfaces may be damaged by frost.

In summary, no protective playground surface of any type or depth can prevent all injuries. Nonetheless, installing a protective playground surface as the foundation for your backyard playground equipment is an important step in improving playground safety. The best playground surface for your needs is up to you, but whatever choice you make will be a significant step toward protecting the children who use your playground equipment from serious injuries due to falls to the surface.

Sources:

CPSC Document 323. “Home Playground Safety Tips.”
CPSC Document 324 “Outdoor Home Playground Safety Handbook.” 2005.
CPSC Document 1005. “Playground Surfacing Materials.”
CPSC Report. “Home Playground Equipment-Related Deaths and Injuries.” July 2001.
CPSC Report. “Special Study: Injuries and Deaths Associated with Children’s
Playground Equipment.” April 2001.

How Can You Benefit From Solar Panels Photovoltaic

Solar panels photovoltaic are becoming increasingly popular because they enable you to save big on electricity bills by making the best use natural resources. Whether you are a business owner or home maker, you can greatly benefit from installing solar panels in your property and in this article, we will tell you how.

The biggest motivation comes from the various state-government run programs that offer attractive incentive and rebates to those who have installed the solar panels in their homes or offices. Thus, you not only save on the monthly electricity bills but also qualify for attractive tax benefits from the government.

Increases the value of your property:

When you install the solar panels photovoltaic in your Laguna Niguel house, it greatly enhances the overall property. Installing these panels means that those living in the house will be able to use the suns natural and renewable energy to illuminate their homes, and this energy is also used for the heating and cooling systems. The electrical equipments and gadgets also use this renewable energy, thus you do not need electricity for your day to day activities,

There are some homes that choose a hybrid system, which means that they use the stored suns energy for heating and cooling purposes, and electrical energy for other activities. And there are other houses that choose to turn green completely and this implies that all electrical needs are fulfilled by the energy produced by the photovoltaic cells in the solar panels installed.

Having solar panels installed in your house will greatly enhance the value of your property and if you consider selling your home, you will get a much better deal for it. These attractive incentives, perks and benefits have encouraged the house owners in California to opt for the installation of solar panels in their property.

Raises the visibility of your brand:

Going green is the new buzz word in the industry and almost all companies today are trying their best to reduce the carbon footprints and gain visibility as an organization that is sensitive towards the environment.

When you install solar panels to reduce the consumption of energy in your manufacturing unit or corporate house, it instantly adds value to you brand as you are identified as an ideal corporate figure that is environment conscious and makes effort to reduce any adverse effects on it. Thus, you not only save in energy consumption but also boost the value of your brand.